What Does “Shabbat Shalom” Mean?

Image: A family celebrating Shabbat. (GoldenPixelsLLC/Shutterstock)

Someone recently found this site by searching the string: “Meaning of ‘Shabbat Shalom.'”

“Shabbat shalom” is a Hebrew greeting for the Jewish Sabbath. Its literal meaning is “Sabbath of Peace.” 

Shabbat [the Sabbath] officially begins at sundown Friday and continues to sundown Saturday. You will usually hear the greeting or read it online from Friday morning onwards through sundown Saturday.

Informally, the phrase means, “I wish you a nice Sabbath.” For more about the deeper meanings of “shalom,” see What is Shalom? on this blog.

“Shabbat Shalom” is pronounced shah-BAHT shah-LOAM.

You may also hear “Gut Shabbes,” which is the same wish in Yiddish. It is pronounced GOOT SHAH-bes.

The proper reply is to repeat the phrase in Hebrew or Yiddish. If you are not comfortable with that, a good second choice is “Thanks, you too!”


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Rabbi Ruth Adar is a teaching rabbi in San Leandro, CA. She has many hats: rabbi, granny, and ham radio operator K6RAV. She blogs at http://coffeeshoprabbi.com/ and teaches at Jewish Gateways in Albany, CA.

16 thoughts on “What Does “Shabbat Shalom” Mean?”

  1. May a gentile person/bat noach also greet Jews that way – wishing them Shabbat Shalom,, or ist it better to use other words? Thx for answering in advance – and please excuse my poor English.

    1. Anyone may greet others with “Shabbat shalom” – it’s a lovely thing to say between sundown Friday and sundown Saturday. Some also use it as Shabbat approaches (usually Friday during the day.) After Shabbat closes at sundown Saturday, the proper greeting is “Shavua tov” – “Good week!” You can read more about that greeting at https://coffeeshoprabbi.com/2016/03/19/whats-shavua-tov/.

      Your English is fine! Thank you for reading and for an excellent question.

  2. Shabbat Shalom 🙂
    I love to visit Isreal. hope someday my people think more and love Isreal instead of nonsense hate.

  3. I’m not Jewish, but I’m so intrigued by your religion. I look up stuff about it all the time. I want to thank you all. May Peace and Love and Harmony be with you all. Thank you.

  4. It is quite informative, I like to learn something new and update my knowledge, this is the most important thing for me, because when this caution tape vector in your head prevents you from developing, it is very bad and you need to get rid of it, because after a while you will notice an unhealthy trend that will be expressed as banal stupidity and ignorance of some areas of life.

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