Image: Hakafah in the 19th Century in Italy. Painting: The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Law at the Synagogue in Leghorn, Italy. By Solomon Hart (1806-1881) via Wikimedia.
“During Hakafah, people may reach out to touch the Sefer Torah.”
If that sentence means bobkes (Yiddish for “nothing”) to you, that’s OK — that’s what this post is about!
As I wrote in an earlier post, Sefer Torah is the Hebrew word for the Torah scroll.
Hakafah is a Hebrew word meaning “to go around” or “orbit.” In Jewish services, it most often refers to the procession in which the Torah scroll is carried around the congregation so that people can celebrate and interact with the Torah scroll.
If you are in a service, for instance a bar or bat mitzvah service, the person who is being called to the Torah for the first time (the bar or bat mitzvah) may carry the scroll, in its coverings, around the congregation. People may reach out to touch the Torah scroll, either with the tzitzit (fringes) of their prayer shawls or with the spine of their prayer books. Then, after touching the scroll, they bring the fringes or the book to their lips to kiss. It is a way of showing reverence for the scroll and its contents. For some congregations, this is a regular part of the Torah service. For others, it happens only on special occasions.
For more on how we interact with Torah scrolls, see Kissing the Torah Scroll – Idolatry? elsewhere on this blog by following the link. Rabbi Barry Block wrote a wonderful sermon on The Deeper Meaning of the Hakafah which I recommend highly.
Other uses of hakafah:
- In a traditional wedding, the groom circles the bride seven times, orbiting around her. In an egalitarian wedding service, the bride an groom circle one another. Either way, it is proper to refer to the circling as hakafot (plural for hakafah.)
- At Sukkot, it is a tradition to encircle the bimah (speakers’ platform) with people bearing lulav and etrog.
- On Simchat Torah, many congregations get all their Torah scrolls out and dance with them.
One thought on “What is Hakafah?”
It’s traditionally the bride who circles the groom, not the reverse… right?